Pumpkin Sugar Cookies

Recipe

Ingredients

    • 3 cups all-purpose flour
    • 2 tsp cornstarch
    • 1 tsp baking powder
    • 1/2 tsp baking soda
    • 1/2 tsp salt
    • 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon
    • 1/4 tsp ground nutmeg
    • 1/4 tsp ground ginger
    • 1/2 cup unsalted butter, softened
    • 1/3 cup unflavored vegetable shortening
    • 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar
    • 2 large egg yolks
    • 2/3 cup canned pumpkin puree
    • 1 tsp vanilla extract

Directions

  • For the cookies:
  • Preheat oven to 350 degrees. In a mixing bowl whisk together flour, cornstarch, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, nutmeg, and ginger for 20 seconds, set aside.
  • In the bowl of an electric stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, cream together butter, shortening and sugar until pale and fluffy. Mix in egg yolks one at a time. Mix in pumpkin puree and vanilla extract. With mixer set on low speed, slowly add in dry ingredients and mix until combined.
  • Scoop dough out and shape into 3 Tbsp balls (I just filled 1/4 cup 3/4 full). Place on Silpat or parchment paper lined baking sheets (you’ll only be able to fit about 8 per sheet, these are fairly large cookies), and using your fingers lying flat, evenly flatten cookies into rounds until they are slightly under 1/2-inch thick. Bake in preheated oven 11 – 12 minutes. Cool on baking sheet several minutes then transfer to a wire rack to cool completely. Once cool frost with Cinnamon Cream Cheese Frosting. Store in an airtight container.
  • Recipe Source: Cooking Classy

Dahomey Amazons

Women have historically not been allowed to fight in wars due to the “frailness” of them. However, in West Africa during the 19th century the Dahomey Amazons, an all-female military, was known as intense, highly skilled and trained warriors. This military was comprised of women known as ahosi or kings wives. They were called ‘Amazons’ because people observing them noticed similarities between them and the Amazons of ancient Anatolia and the Black Sea. There are a few myths of how these warriors came to be. One them is that a group of women went and hunted some elephants and then told their king that they would rather fight men over animals; the king then drafted them into his army. Another myth is that the King’s palace guards were made up of his 3rd ranking wives, who then eventually became these epic warriors.

These warriors were known for their bravery in battle. They were highly skilled and had intense physical exercise and practiced discipline at all times. Early on they carried spears and clubs, then later on they became skilled with rifles and modern weaponry of the time. In the beginning there was about 600, but King Gezo expanded the female corps to 6,000. This army of women was also known as “Black Sparta,” because of its fierce militaristic quality bent on conquest. When the women found enemies they often decapitated them. The French also lost many battles to them since the women possessed skill in battle that was equal to that of elite male soldiers from large colonial powers. These women definitely seemed like the 19th century badass (And kinda what Mary-Anne became in The Things They Carried).

http://listverse.com/2011/04/12/10-great-people-you-should-know-but-dont/

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/dahomeys-women-warriors-88286072/

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The song “Every Giant will Fall” has a great message and a good beat.

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